Rahasia nomor seri uang kertas Bukittinggi

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Uang Republik Indonesia Propinsi Sumatra (URIPS) 1947-1948
Februari 2008
oleh Rob Huisman

Kata Pengantar

Uang kertas Bukittinggi (gambar berasal dari uang-kertas.com)

Bukittinggi adalah sebuah kota yang cukup besar yang berlokasi di pantai barat Sumatra, Indonesia. Nama kota ini berasal dari tahun 1949 ketika Indonesia merdeka dari Belanda. Sebelumnya kota ini bernama Fort de Kock dan aslinya didirikan sebagai sebuah pos dari militer kolonial Belanda.

Sejak awal, Bukittinggi telah menjadi lokasi yang penting bagi Belanda di Sumatra, bagi Jepang selama masa pendudukan di Hindia Belanda, kemudian menjadi disusul dengan menjadi pusat Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia.

Setelah penyerahan Jepang pada 1945, Soekarno dan Hatta memproklamirkan kemerdekaan Indonesia pada 17 Agustus di tahun yang sama. Dalam rangka untuk mendukung revolusi, mereka berinisiatif untuk menerbitkan uang kertas Indonesia ke seluruh wilayah.

Karena Indonesia resminya tetap sebagai koloni Belanda sampai dengan Desember 1949, pihak Belanda mencoba untuk mengembalikan kekuasaan mereka setelah penyerahan Jepang. Dalam periode 1945 – 1949 Indonesia terbagi atas tiga wilayah. Satu wilayah berada dalam kekuasaan Belanda dan menerbitkan uang yang kita kenal sebagai NICA (Netherlands Indies Civil Administration). Wilayah yang lain dimana dikuasai oleh pergerakan revolusi Indonesia menerbitkan uang yang kita kenal dengan ORI (Oeang Republik Indonesia) pada Agustus 1946. Wilayah yang ketiga dikuasai oleh pemerintahan Indonesia, akan tetapi dikarenakan masalah-masalah logistik mengakibatkan uang ORI mengalami masalah untuk diterbitkan di wilayah ini.

Teuku Mohammad (T.M.) Hasan adalah Gubernur Sumatra, ia juga menjabat sebagai Menteri Pendidikan dalam Kabinet Darurat Sjafruddin Prawiranegara dari 19 Desember 1948 – 13 Juli 1949. Dalam kapasitasnya sebagai gubernur, ia menandatangani emisi uang kertas URIPS (Uang Republik Indonesia Propinsi Sumatera) tertanggal 17 Agustus 1947 dan diterbitkan di Bukittinggi.

Like the ORI (Oeang Republik Indonesia) money issued on Java, the URIPS money has a secret code hidden in the serial number. Since the URIPS money was printed using simple techniques, it was easy to falsify. Financial authorities created a fixed relation between the three characters of the serial number in order to easily identify forgeries.

Emissie Oeang Republik Indonesia (URIPS), Bukittinggi, Sumatra, 17 August 1947, T.N. Hasan

½ (Setengah) Rupiah, 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-512)

Obverse and reverse printed in brown (varying from pink brown to chocolate brown). The obverse has a green under print.

The serial number is printed in red and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 01132 till 58427

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

	s	 	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A
	t	 	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A
	u	 	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A

2nd v 3rd B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A

	w	 	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A
	x	 	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B
	y	 	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B

1 (Satu) Rupiah, 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-513)

Obverse and reverse printed in red or brown (varying from red, red brown to chocolate brown). The obverse has a green under print.

The serial number is printed in black and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 04126 till 47519

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

	o	 	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T
	p	 	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T

2nd q 3rd T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S

	r	 	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S

2½ (Dua) Rupiah (Setengah), 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-514)

Obverse and reverse printed in brown (varying from light brown to chocolate brown). The obverse has a brown under print.

The serial number is printed in black and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 27180 till 53872

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

	i	 	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M

2nd j 3rd M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L

	k	 	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M
	l	 	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M

5 (Lima) Rupiah, 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-515)

Obverse and reverse printed in blue (varying from light blue to dark blue). The obverse has a blue under print.

The serial number is printed in red and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 08920 till 89753

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

	f	 	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H

2nd g 3rd I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H

	h	 	I	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H

10 (Sepuluh) Rupiah, 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-516)

Obverse and reverse printed in brown (varying from pink brown to chocolate brown). The obverse has a green under print.

The serial number is printed in red and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 00915 till 83899

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

	c	 	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I

2nd d 3rd J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I

	e	 	J	K	L	M	N	O	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I

25 (Dua puluh lima) Rupiah, 17 August 1947 (KUKI H-517)

Obverse and reverse printed in green (varying from light green to dark green). The obverse has a red under print.

The serial number is printed in red and consists of 5 numbers and 3 characters. The first and last character are always capitals and the middle character is always in lower-case.

The number range is observed from 01840 till 94182

The characters only exist in specific combinations according to the following table:

1st A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 2nd a 3rd P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O

	b	 	P	Q	R	S	T	U	V	W	X	Y	Z	A	B	C	D	E	F	G	H	I	J	K	L	M	N	O
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The author would like to receive feedback; please e-mail via info@uang-kertas.com
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Source:
Banknotes and Coins from Indonesia 1945-1990, Yayasan Serangan Umum 1 Maret 1949 & Perum Peruri Jakarta

Katalog Uang Kertas Indonesia 1782-1996, Sugiana Handjaja, 1996 issue (KUKI)

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